A mushroom or toadstool is the fleshy, spore -bearing fruiting body of a fungus , typically produced above ground, on soil, or on its food source. The standard for the name "mushroom" is the cultivated white button mushroom, Agaricus bisporus ; hence the word "mushroom" is most often applied to those fungi Basidiomycota , Agaricomycetes that have a stem stipe , a cap pileus , and gills lamellae, sing. These gills produce microscopic spores that help the fungus spread across the ground or its occupant surface. Forms deviating from the standard morphology usually have more specific names, such as " bolete ", " puffball ", " stinkhorn ", and " morel ", and gilled mushrooms themselves are often called " agarics " in reference to their similarity to Agaricus or their order Agaricales. By extension, the term "mushroom" can also refer to either the entire fungus when in culture, the thallus called a mycelium of species forming the fruiting bodies called mushrooms, or the species itself. The terms "mushroom" and "toadstool" go back centuries and were never precisely defined, nor was there consensus on application.
How to Grow Oyster Mushrooms (Low Tech) : 9 Steps (with Pictures) - Instructables
Its name comes from the Latin 'defensa' fenced referring to land that was fenced, and usually destined for pasture. Used primarily for grazing, they produce a variety of products, including non-timber forest products such as wild game , mushrooms , honey , cork , and firewood. They are also used to raise the Spanish fighting bull and the Iberian pig. The main tree component is oaks, usually holm Quercus rotundifolia and cork Quercus suber. Other oaks, including melojo Quercus pyrenaica and quejigo Quercus faginea , may be used to form dehesa, the species depending on geographical location and elevation. Dehesa is an anthropogenic system that provides not only a variety of foods, but also wildlife habitat for endangered species such as the Spanish imperial eagle.
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Last Updated: April 11, References Approved. Andrew Carberry has been working in food systems since There are 30 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed , times. Mushrooms grow quickly compared to most fruits and vegetables, and don't take up precious space in your garden.
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