The peninsular India constitutes one of the mega biodiversity zones of the world which is abundant with unique and diversified floral and faunal wealth. The prevailing tropical climate coupled with physical and environmental factors have unitedly evolved impact on resources pattern and many eco-subsystems which is highly complex and fragile in nature. The land ecosystem is facing mounting problems in the cruel hands of human beings. One of the causative factors is forest fire, either natural or man-made, which periodically covers larger areas in the tropics destroying timber, other properties and life beyond measures. In India the ecosystems are under severe threat due to the recurrent fires apart from the anthropogenic pressure on the forests which is attributed to the degradation, soil erosion, reduced productivity etc. Every year some or other part of the forests in India is facing the agony in the cruel hands of mankind by putting fire intentionally in the forests which causes severe damages to the regeneration as well as the soils.
Joint Forest Management in India: Case study of Gorela village | Planning Tank
In this article, I have analysed the upsurge in forest fires in different countries as well as in India. Forest fires in many parts of the world are a result of natural occurrences that cumulatively give rise to the ablation of forests. In such instances, they could have positive effects on impacted forests, for example, cone trees release their seeds to form into new trees only when they are subjected to intense fire. But this process does not pose an alarming effect on the forest rather possesses positive and medicinal effects on these woodlands, an example of which can be a few trees like the cone or the pines that automatically start to germinate after being exposed to high temperatures or extreme heat. But this is not the case always, as the fast-spreading fire can do more harm than good. The first and the most primary cause of forest fires is human beings. Majorly, the forest ablaze is due to human carelessness while smoking.
Forest Fire-A Case Study on the Four National Park of Uttarakhand
Ecological implications for the conservation of fragmented forests to managed local plant diversity have recently drawn much attention of most conservationists. Present study investigates the importance of fragmented forests using different quantitative measures of species diversity and stand structure as indicators of natural restoration from past disturbances. A total of 7, individuals with mean density of Species richness ; , dominance ; , and density ; were significantly increased at different disturbance intensities. Disturbances strongly influenced typical community association and structure by increasing diversity and population at certain magnitude and thereby showed declining trend towards maturation.
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